FDA Approves Hi Tech Headband That Prevents Migraines

CEFALY

The Cefaly Headband That Prevents Migraines (1)

Engineers and pharmacists at STX-Med from Belgium have come up with a sophisticated electronic device that excites precisely the sensitive nerve cells to treat pain and motor neurons to obtain muscle contraction or treat muscle spasms. Known as the Cefaly, it has now been approved for sale in the US by the FDA. The device is already in usage among migraineurs in France, Canada, Australia and elsewhere. This external headband that offers neuro-stimulation is worn in particular to treat both migraines and tension headaches. (2)

The Cefaly is a battery-powered headband that emits electric currents to stimulate the nerves that are involved in migraine episodes. Tests on 67 patients have shown that this device reduces not only the total number of migraine attacks per month but also decreases the intensity of an attack.

The device is based on TENS (or Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation) technology that has been studied in the medical circles for over four decades. The usage of TENS techniques is however, contraindicated under certain situations. (3)

The Cefaly device is meant to be administered on migraine patients and those with joint pains who are 18 years and older and for no longer than 20 minutes a day. The medical device is both CE and ISO certified for safety and performance as well as effectiveness.

It is believed to be 25% more effective than any other migraine management options available through prescription and is also effective in conditions such as insomnia and anxiety.

About 53 percent of 2,313 patients in a separate study said they were satisfied with the device and willing to purchase it for future use. (4)

For details of the study and a word from the doctors and developers, WATCH VIDEO: Migraine Relief Using New FDA-Approved Portable TENS Device ; Liberty Voice; Web March 2014; http://guardianlv.com/2014/03/migraine-relief-using-new-fda-approved-portable-tens-device/

SOURCES

  1. Image Credits: Cefaly Drug-Free Migraine Pain Relief; Cefaly; Web March 2014; http://www.cefaly.ca/
  2. FDA Approves Electric Headband to Prevent Migraine; ABC News; Web March 2014; http://abcnews.go.com/Business/wireStory/fda-approves-electric-headband-prevent-migraine-22866209
  3. FDA approves electric headband that prevents migraines; MedCity News; Web March 2014; http://medcitynews.com/2014/03/fda-approves-electric-headband-prevents-migraines/#ixzz2vj7F2HGq
  4. FDA Approves Electric Headband To Prevent Migraine; NPR; Web March 2014; http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=289099411

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Sleep Quality Influences Migraine Frequency And Disability

Sleeping Woman - Migraine Blog

 

Sleep Quality Directly Effects How Often You Get Migraines (1)

Tests conducted by researchers at the University of Mississippi, U.S.A have shown a strong correlation between poor quality of sleep and the frequency of migraine episodes as well as the disabilities that go with the condition.

The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) was employed in the study which tested 78 migraineurs and 208 non-migraineurs who formed the control group.

The PSQI is a tool in the form of a scoring but subjective questionnaire developed by the Sleep Medicine Institute of the University of Pittsburgh. It has questions within it’s 7 broad components on which a patient is scored, viz;

  • Subjective Sleep Quality,
  • Sleep Latency,
  • Sleep Duration,
  • Habitual Sleep Efficiency,
  • Sleep Disturbance,
  • Use of Sleep Medicines,
  • Daytime Dysfunction.

Todd Smitherman and his team found that sleep quality was significantly worse for those experiencing episodic migraines than for those in the control group. The migraining group scored an average PSQI of 8.90 as compared to 6.63 in the control group. A PSQI score more than 5 is considered significantly bad.

Factors such as depression, anxiety were adjusted for the regression analysis calculations but still it accounted for 5.3% and 5.8% of unique variance in headache frequency and disability, respectively, which the researchers say is a modest but non-trivial amount. Even when depression and anxiety factors after poor sleep quality were included in the calculations the affective symptoms did not significantly improve these analysis models beyond that of sleep quality alone which made sleep quality almost an independent and very relevant factor in assessing headache frequencies and related disabilities.

As per Smitherman, “As such, sleep quality should be assessed preferentially to other sleep disturbance variables when subjective self-report measures of insomnia are used. In light of the present findings, conclusions from systematic reviews, and practice guidelines, the most potent means of improving sleep quality and insomnia among migraineurs is likely a treatment package that incorporates stimulus control and/or sleep restriction in addition to basic sleep hygiene education and management of comorbid psychiatric symptoms.” (2)

SOURCES:

  1. Image Credits: Freedigitalphotos.net; Tired Woman by Graur Codrin; Web August 2013; http://www.freedigitalphotos.net/images/agree-terms.php?id=10021635
  2. Sleep Quality A Key Contributor To Migraine Severity; MedWireNews.com (Springer Healthcare Limited); Web August 2013; http://www.medwirenews.com/44/104664/General_neurology/Sleep_quality_a_key_contributor_to_migraine_severity_.html
  •  Abstract of the research may be had at:

Sleep Disturbance and Affective Comorbidity Among Episodic Migraineurs; Wiley Online Library; Web August 2013; http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/head.12168/abstract

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