Migraineurs Twice More At Risk Of Depression & Suicidal Thoughts

Depression & Migraines

Young Migraineurs Twice Likely To Be Depressed Than Those Healthy (1)

A large-scale study conducted in Canada by researchers from University of Toronto’s Factor-Inwentash Faculty of Social Work on 67,000 persons has now concluded that women under 30 years of age were six times more likely to have migraines co-morbid with depressive states than women older than 65 years of age. The paper which was published in the journal Depression Research and Treatment also stated that the prevalence of depression among those with migraine whether women or men are approximately twice as high as for those without the disease. The findings for depression rates in migraineurs and healthy persons were:

Gender Particular: Depression

Prevalence %

Women With Migraines

12.4

Women Without Migraines

5.7

Men With Migraines

8.4

Men Without Migraines

3.4

 

 The study analysed data which re-validated old truths about gender bias of the disease: that 1 in every 7 women had migraines compared to 1 in every 16 for men.

On similar lines were thoughts on suicide. Those under 30 years of age were four times more likely than those over 65, to consider suicide as a result of debilitating and repetitive migraine episodes. A glance at the findings for seriously contemplating suicide at least once between men and women both with and without migraines:

Gender Particular: Suicidal Thoughts

Prevalence %

Women With Migraines

17.6

Women Without Migraines

9.1

Men With Migraines

15.6

Men Without Migraines

7.9

According to Meghan Schrumm, “We are not sure why younger migraineurs have such a high likelihood of depression and suicidal ideation. It may be that younger people with migraines have not yet managed to find adequate treatment or develop coping mechanisms to minimize pain and the impact of this chronic illness on the rest of their lives. The much lower prevalence of depression and suicidal ideation among older migraineurs suggests a promising area for future research.” (2)

Co-author and researcher Dr. Fuller Thomson states that, “This study draws further attention to the need for routine screening and targeted interventions for depression and suicidality, particularly among the most vulnerable migraineurs: Individuals who are young, unmarried and those with activity limitations.” (3)

SOURCES

  1. Image Credits: Depressed Woman Sitting On Floor ” by David Castillo Dominici; FreeDigitialPhotos.net; Web October 2013; http://www.freedigitalphotos.net/images/agree-terms.php?id=10099322
  2. Migraine sufferers more likely to have depression; Medical News Today; Web October 2013; http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/267610.php
  3. Depression Twice as Likely in Migraine Sufferers; Science Daily News; Web October 2013; http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/10/131017114231.htm

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